For Romania and Hungary, as well as for many European
countries, the most damaging geophysical events are namely floods
and windstorms and in second order also landslides, earthquakes,
avalanches and wildfires.
In particular, floods produced in several areas cause
every year important damages over large areas and also the loss
of human lives and economical consequences. For the transboundary
target area of Crisul Alb and Crisul Negru, crossing the Romanian
– Hungarian border, many flood events occurred in the last years.
The frequency and importance of floods in the region
require therefore work to reduce such damage, and better facilitate
efficient monitoring by the organizations in charge of natural hazards,
such as government agencies, civil protection authorities and municipalities.
The evaluation and management of floods constitute the
indispensable first step and the rational basis of mitigation measures
against flood damages in order to protect life.